Monday Musings: Are Heroes Obsolete?



by Kathleen Valentine


On a discussion board about books I have been involved in one discussion about the character of Atticus Finch, the enduring hero of Harper Lee’s classic To Kill A Mockingbird. It has been an interesting discussion particularly because a couple of participants are trying to make the case that Atticus is hard for them to admire because he seems so “unrealistic.” One person said that he didn’t buy Atticus because he needed to be “more well-rounded.” He said “I want to see him bitter and angry over losing his wife and so outraged over what happens to his client that he punches Bob Ewell in the nose.” Goodness.

Of course, the response to that is that Atticus is so admirable and heroic because he doesn’t rant and rave and punch people. He is a good, honest, decent man who has been dealt some unpleasant cards in his life and, despit that, is still a good, honest, decent man. If he was a whiny, bitter brute there would be no point to the book. But this brings up a point that I have been thinking about for some time.

In recent months I have read – or started to read – several books in which, a couple of chapters into the book, I realized there was not one character I liked. All of them were whiny, self-absorbed people whose only motivation was getting what they wanted and trying to wheedle and manipulate everyone in the process. Who wants to read about people like that? Except a lot of people do. I have brought this up in a few discussions of those books and the response has been, yeah, they are but that’s how people are. I find that discouraging.

A few years back there was a little bit of a hulabaloo in certain quarters over the fact that Narcissistic Personality Disorder had been declassified as a mental disorder and removed from the  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder. In other words NPD was so common that it was no longer considered a disorder. I have wondered about this as I contemplate the acceptance of self-centered behavior by so many readers. Do these readers now see self-absorpition and manipulation in its service as so common and ordinary that they no longer find it objectionable? I wonder.

For years I have been complaining about the popularity of miz-lit, books about people who, for one reason or another, endured a miserable childhood or situation, survived it, and then wrote a book detailing their misery. It is not that I am unsympathetic to their suffering but I find the voyeuristic consumption of these books for entertainment to be disturbing. Are these people the new heroes? I don’t know.

I’ve always been attracted to heroic characters in books, movies, etc. I want to believe that people are capable of being far better than they would normally be expected to be just out of a sense of personal worth. I love characters with dignity and a sense of honor. As a kid I grew up loving super-heroes, like a lot of kids did. Characters who were strong and powerful and who could vanquish the bad guy, restore order, and carry the heroine off into the sunset. That’s why to me Atticus Finch was so astonishing. He didn’t do any of that (well, he shot the rabid dog which was pretty cool) but in his fight to save Tom Robinson he lost. He entered the contest knowing he would lose, that he could not win, and yet he did it anyway because he was a just man. When his daughter asks him why he is defending Tom and he says, “Because if I didn’t I couldn’t hold my head up in this town. I couldn’t even tell you and Jem not to do something again.” In other words, to Atticus Finch his right to moral authority was entirely based on his own moral behavior.

Is narcissism replacing moral authority? I wonder. Are heroes becoming obsolete as people become increasingly acceptant of their own self-righteousness whether they deserve it or not? I hope not but I do wonder. I hope that Atticus Finch will always be a hero to most people but I worry about it sometimes.

Thanks for reading.

About Kathleen Valentine

From the Allegheny Mountains where she grew up, to the Gloucester seaport where she wrotes, Kathleen Valentine loved nothing more than listening to the stories that people tell while sitting on front porches, gathered around kitchen tables, or swapped in coffee shops and taverns. Her collection of legends, folklore, and tall tales were woven into her fiction. The award-winning author of novels, novellas, & short story collections, as well as books of knitting patterns, & a cookbook/memoir about growing up Pennsylvania Dutch, Valentine has been listed as an Amazon Top Selling Author in Horror, Mystery/Suspense, Cooking, and Knitting. As a writer her primary interest was delving into the psychology of her characters. Her stories were sometimes mysterious, sometimes funny, usually romantic, and frequently frightening. Her characters ranged from lost children and grumpy old folks, to mysterious men and women who are not to be trifled with. On October 29, 2016, Kathleen passed away in her home in Gloucester, Massachusetts, America's oldest seaport.


  1. I hadn’t thought of the current climate of whining, self-centred and self-serving manipulation as narcissistic, but it all fits together. Good point. If you look at the classics, what makes a hero is someone who does the right thing no matter how difficult it is. And if part of that is refraining from punching people in the nose because you disagree with them, then the hero refrains from doing that.

    I’m reading a terrible book now (I know, I should just put it down) where the protagonist is such an egotistical bully, I wonder whether the author realizes this and is an egotistical bully himself?

    Thanks for this post!

  2. Kathleen – I enjoyed reading you post but your subject is unsettling. You see, I believe your right and its sad. I’ve read a number of books lately where the heroine is just damn whiney and the hero a brute. There’s a fine line between the two and its exactly what you pointed out with Attics. He was driven to do something because it was the right thing to do. His personal honor wouldn’t let him take the easy way.

  3. Nice to see a post like this, Kathleen. It’s a good reminder to writers to go the extra mile to create truly heroic characters. You’re absolutely right. Our culture is bogged down by entitled NPDers. Disheartening and utterly uninspiring. At the very least, we should be able to turn to fiction for role models. 🙂

  4. Jesi Lea Ryan says:

    You are so right, Kathleen. I have started and given up on so many books lately because of overly bitchy heroines and unnecessarily possessive and jealous heros. I’ve actually been reading a lot of LGBT novels lately, because the authors don’t feel the need to conform to these obnoxious stereotypes.